Even if you don’t know what they are, odds are you’ve seen a whitetail deer sometime in your life. They are the most frequent and widespread deer species in the world. Their population in North America alone is between 20 and 25 million.
When spooked or threatened, they will raise their tail and run, displaying their white as an alarm.
Like the other species of deer, the whitetail is a herbivore, meaning that they only consume plants. Their diet will change depending on the food that’s available to them in their own environment, but typically includes grass, plants, acorns, fruit, and corn.
The stomach of whitetail is somewhat like a cow in the sense that it has multiple chambers for digestion. By way of instance, when a whitetail consumes and swallows some acorns, they’ll go to first chamber where enzymes will start to break down the food before going to another where they’ll be broken down even more until reaching the fourth chamber where the true digestion takes place.
If a whitetail remains healthy, they could live 11 to 13 years typically. They’ve several predators that actively hunt them out, though.
When a female (doe) is pregnant, she will give birth to 1 to 3 baby deer (fawns). Fawns have the ability to walk at birth and usually have brown with white spotted fur which allows them to blend into their environment better.
Male deer (known as dollars ) grow antlers from the base of the skull each year. Bucks use these antlers to show their strength when they battle other dollars throughout the breeding season. After the breeding season is over, the bucks testosterone level will fall much, making them shed their antlers. When spring comes back around, they will start to grow new antlers that are usually larger and more complex than those which were already shed.
Something not many people know is that deer cause more human deaths than any other creature. This is mainly because of automobile accidents involving them. While it may seem inhumane to a, hunting is a great way to help regulate their population and lower the deaths and crop damage caused by them.
Whitetail deer are simply beautiful creatures and it’s important for us to always understand and respect them. Almost a century ago, they were on the verge of extinction, but with conservation efforts their population has skyrocketed. Let us take care of our world and all the creatures in it.